Writer, Reformist, Doctor, Martyr, Patriot, National Hero
Born June 19, 1861 - Calamba, Laguna - Died December 30, 1896 - Bagumbayan

Jose Rizal Profile

Jose Rizal Profile

Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, popularly known as national hero Jose Rizal, was born on June 19, 1861 in Calamba, Laguna. Rizal was the key leader of the propagandist movement, with his literary works and unjust execution serving as the catalyst for the subsequent revolution and eventual Philippine independence from Spain. He was a writer, an opthalmologist, a polymath, and a Filipino patriot.
Jose Rizal Profile
Photo Credits: WikiMedia Commons
His popular works included novels which pushed for political reforms and recognition of the Filipino, namely El Filibusterismo and Noli Me Tangere and several literary pieces. He was unjustly accused and summarily executed by the Spanish government in Bagumbayan Manila on December 30, 1896 by firing squad.
Personal Life of Jose Rizal
➢ Rizal was the seventh born of the eleven children in the Rizal family. His Filipino parents Francisco Mercado and Teodora Realonda were rich farmers in Calamba Laguna and had Chinese-Spanish lineage. Fondly called "Pepe", Jose learned to read and write at an early age of five. Historian Austin Craig also claimed that Rizal was a descendant of Lakandula, the famed Rajah of Tondo from the pre-colonial era.

Due to the order of Governor General Francisco Claveria, Jose's Father Francisco Mercado was forced to adopt the surname Rizal (which meant Green Rice Fields), hence the change to Francisco Mercado Rizal.

• Father: Francisco Mercado Rizal
• Mother: Teodora Alonso Realonda

• Josephine Bracken (1896)
prepared for Pinoy Search Network - Last Update made June 6, 2018
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